AWD Speed 3 Project - Halfmilespeed3

Discussion in 'Mazdaspeed 3 Build Diaries' started by HalfMileSpeed3_AWD, Oct 21, 2022.

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  1. Madzilla

    Madzilla Greenie N00B Member

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    so which is a better option to go with/ cx7 rear subframe and diff or ms6 rear and diff?
     
  2. SyntheticAtmosphere

    SyntheticAtmosphere You only get ONE ride, ONE ticket, ONE time! Silver Member

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    ;)
     
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  3. Madzilla

    Madzilla Greenie N00B Member

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    I agree s1 has changed the awd drive game for Honda so corksport has been Mazda community go to for parts and would be huge for mazdaspeed platform

    a group buy for the custom parts is the way the go to tet the waters but knowing the mazdaspeed community the demand will will be be crazy high. the awd drive swap has been a need for this platform.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Mar 12, 2023
    Madzilla, via an iPhone, Mar 10, 2023
    #43
  4. Raider

    Raider Administraider Administrator Platinum Member

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    Possibly, but expecting my guess around $10K to buy because of the involvement of custom pieces. Let's watch the mad scientist do it on his Speed for now.
     
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  5. HalfMileSpeed3_AWD

    HalfMileSpeed3_AWD Platinum Member

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    YOU CANNOT USE THE MS6 REAR SUBFRAME...you might aswell jsut fab your own subframe at that point.

    The easy solution: Use the CX7 subframe (the inner frame work that bolts to the chassis only). Then use the control arms and trailing arm from your MS3. The rear differential is made up of two sections (the front section holds the clutch pack and the rear section is the gear housing). Externally, the rear section is the same between the MS6 and CX7. The internals are different; LSD vs Open , respectively. The front section is different externally. The MS6 uses a one-sided mounting setup vs the CX7 using a symmetrical two side mounting setup. To bolt directly into the CX7 subframe, you need to use the CX7 front clutch pack section.
    NOTE: the differential mounts for the CX7 are unique (fronts and rear) vs the MS6. I am designing my own billet mounts. You may be able to use the CX7 mounts and replace the OEM rubber bushings with poly bushings...?

    Honestly, the axles are the biggest ticket items (especially depending on what power level you want to support). Most of the parts are OEM (junkyard sourced for CX7) with just some supporting custom billet parts and rear suspension support.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Mar 12, 2023
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  6. jsmith

    jsmith Silver Member

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    thsrtjhjtsj.jpg <- Me right now.
     
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  7. HalfMileSpeed3_AWD

    HalfMileSpeed3_AWD Platinum Member

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    Is this before or after the "shit everywhere scene" hahahaha
     
  8. HalfMileSpeed3_AWD

    HalfMileSpeed3_AWD Platinum Member

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    Now the "tuning" for the rear diff is a whole different story. OEM ECU vs Motec ECU makes a huge difference and how much control you want. I want full programmable control so I'm going full custom setup. Working in tandem with the Motec, I am investigating a standalone controller from Syvecs that can take in many inputs (4x wheel speed, diff oil temp, throttle plate angle, accel pedal percent, etc...) so that I can tune and create control algorithms for the AWD system. IDK how much the controller is yet, but my guess is around $1000.
     
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  9. Madzilla

    Madzilla Greenie N00B Member

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    trailing arms came out nice and looks great

    i appreciate the detailed information and you sharing your build with the community. keep up the good work on your build

    that's great that the MS6 axle fits the cx7 hub and vice versa. find an axle with the correct left will be the only thing that would be require.
    let us know the left with dss axle comes back
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Mar 15, 2023
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  10. HalfMileSpeed3_AWD

    HalfMileSpeed3_AWD Platinum Member

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    Another update:
    Transmission is still in progress. Have had some difficulties with shims and such, getting the bearing preload setup. If you are doing any trans work or differential change be warned that Mazda is discontinuing the various thickness shims needed for the bearing races. I ordered what I could and also made my own in various thicknesses. Essential stacking thin shims to get to the spec I needed.
    This was needed for the Damond LSD especially (nothing wrong with the Damond LSD, but when you are talking 0.002" differences to get bearing preload correct...things are different from one to another)

    IMG_4626.JPG
    Shims I designed and had cut by SendCutSend

    IMG_4669.JPG
    Per the service manual; There is a torque spec for bearing load of the differential alone then the differential plus the 5/6/R secondary shaft.
    I made my own tool to turn the differential as shown with an old axle shaft end and socket welded to it.
     
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  11. HalfMileSpeed3_AWD

    HalfMileSpeed3_AWD Platinum Member

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    Another Update:
    Rear axles from DSS arrived.
    IMG_4804.JPG
    These are "700hp" rated axles per DSS. Doggo approved

    IMG_4806.JPG IMG_4807.JPG
    IMG_4809.JPG
    Axle fitment is good with lots of length adjustment range for more or less camber than the current -2.5 degrees.
    I also opted to have the wheel speed rings placed on the inboard side of the axles so i don't have to fight fitting a speed sensor inside/through the MS3 trailing arms. I will make brackets off of the rear diff mount to mount the speed sensors.
    I have ordered speed6 wheels speed sensors for the rear. I will need to change the electrical connector though. It seems the MS3 is unique in its design vs the speed6 and CX7.

    IMG_4800.JPG
    The blue part is the final design for the CX7 front diff mounts. Those are in machining now and I should have them in a couple weeks.
     
    Last edited: Mar 15, 2023
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  12. HalfMileSpeed3_AWD

    HalfMileSpeed3_AWD Platinum Member

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    About those DSS rear axles...
    IMG_4801.JPG IMG_4802.JPG

    The shaft diameters are different for left and right...this is not by design.

    I talked to DSS about this...basically they said its fine and they used what they had available on the shelf from older MS6 production (yes that also means the MS6 rear axles have varied in diameter)...I'm not stoked about it but I need to keep moving forward with the project. They fit well otherwise.
     
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  13. Easter Bunny

    Easter Bunny Professional Engineer Motorhead Platinum Member

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    If the axles are rated to 700 I doubt the diameter will make a difference since I doubt the rear diff can take 1400 hp but knowing they were different would drive me nuts
     
    Easter Bunny, via a mobile device, Mar 15, 2023
    #53
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  14. HalfMileSpeed3_AWD

    HalfMileSpeed3_AWD Platinum Member

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    Ya thats my same logic.

    Touching on the power capacity of the rear diff system...I have more hope. Newer cars with this front biased AWD system are using a simple but clever way to be able to apply more than 50% torque to the rear wheels. The rear differential ratio is ~0.7% higher than the front differential. This creates a speed difference that the rear diff clutch pack can take advantage of. Locking the clutch pack 100% results in more than 50% torque going to the rear because of the speed/gearing difference. However, most of the time the clutch pack is not 100% engaged so there is some amount of slippage in the clutch pack happening. This is great from a torque biasing standpoint but the by-product is excessive heat build up...which we've all seen issues reported of such in the Focus RS and Yaris GR.

    The Speed6 can only transfer up to 50% of torque to the rear wheels (unless the fronts have no traction which is unlikely) because the differential gear ratios are the same front and rear. This is good because the differential clutch pack can be locked 100% (and is most of the time anyways from the factory) so the heat issue is reduced significantly which will help with strength to some degree.
     
    Last edited: Mar 15, 2023
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  15. Easter Bunny

    Easter Bunny Professional Engineer Motorhead Platinum Member

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    Yea I can't imaging the heat from burning the clutch on the rear diff all the time
     
    Easter Bunny, via a mobile device, Mar 15, 2023
    #55
  16. Madzilla

    Madzilla Greenie N00B Member

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    i think a custom trailer arms and axles would be a good DIY kit to start with which would help customer's
     
  17. HalfMileSpeed3_AWD

    HalfMileSpeed3_AWD Platinum Member

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    UPDATE!

    The front mount for the CX7 arrived and look fantastic! Everything fits perfect (not tested on car yet) but I forgot to order the correct length shoulder bolts so I'm ordering now and will have monday.
    IMG_4979.JPG
    IMG_4980.JPG

    Today I also worked out my design for the push-rod mount on the trailing arm. This was a little tricky to find the right angles, tire clearance, and clear the brake line and parking brake cable. Over it looks pretty stout and checks the boxes. Ordering steel parts today.

    Did some very basic "eyeballing" to check feasibility then got some measurements to CAD up a design and 3D print.
    IMG_4970.JPG
    IMG_4971.JPG

    CAD Models (this is the final version)
    336626148_748618690150851_3486978044882401734_n.png
    336615159_127513746821581_8862787521142604701_n.png

    3D Prints (first version)
    I'm not showing some of the iterations I made to the prints but you get the idea. I had to play around with the push rod angles to find a sweet spot. At full droop vs full bump, the angle of the push rod changes alot due to the trailing arms arch when it swings up. So I moved the bracket further reward and added some angle so that ride height and full bump have more neutral angles.
    IMG_4985.JPG
    IMG_4983.JPG

    So with the design, I am depending on the weld strength and the mechanical strength of the joint.
    IMG_4990.JPG

    And here you can see the brake lines clearance.
    IMG_4991.JPG

    Lastly checking tire clearance to the push rod and to the fender...everything is tight but fits!
    I did end up moving the bolt pivot location inboard an extra 0.25" incase i want more tire width later on.
    IMG_4998.JPG
    IMG_4996.JPG
     
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  18. HalfMileSpeed3_AWD

    HalfMileSpeed3_AWD Platinum Member

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    Things are starting to happen! It actually has a transmission now!
    IMG_5016.JPG
    IMG_5017.JPG

    Trans and T-case went in pretty smooth. Intermediate shaft and mounting block are also in. Looks Great.
    IMG_5011.JPG

    The oil drain is also very tight but good. I thought ahead with the Xona turbo install and got a oil drain setup that would work.
    I bought the flange and lower 90deg elbow from Eric and used a 90deg AN female/female fitting to attach to the Xona provided -10 AN flax drain. Its been working great and is easy to disconnect.
    IMG_5018.JPG

    With the transmission and t-case in the car I could put the subframe in and start working on the RMM to connect MS6 trans to MS3 subframe. Here you can see the CS Stage 2 RMM mounted to the subframe. I got it as parallel and possible to the trans and took some measurements. I am going to use the same general design as the CS Stage 2 RMM because it works so well and is easy to adjsut the design.
    IMG_5020.JPG
    337351517_912308969888924_5092721723050535352_n.png
    I have the design 3D printing right now for test fitment.

    Lastly, front driveshafts:
    Driver Front: confirmed the DSS 5.9 fits perfectly. No changes needed (I would assume OEM will also fit)
    Passenger Front: The MS6 intermediate shaft uses a larger 30 spline male shaft vs the MS3 28 spline male shaft. DSS does not have the 30 spline inboard CV housing so they asked me to send an OEM MS6 inboard housing that they are going to modify to work with my DSS 5.9 passenger CV axle. That shipped out today.

    MS6: IMG_5031.JPG

    MS3: IMG_5030.JPG
     
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  19. Cfoldone

    Cfoldone Gold Member

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    The turbo oil drain plumbing looks great!
    My current drain is bent up stock piping, will likely fail. Now I see a option to replace it with. It is pia to get access to remove or correct with transfer case in place from below. I don't have a pressure oil nozzle filler so make sure Transfer case oil is done, I was a idiot thinking had to have axles in place before, found oil level is below axle half shafts.
    Learned my lesson on second install in my 6.
    Thank you for your efforts to show us how it can be done.
     
    Cfoldone, via a mobile device, Mar 29, 2023
    #59
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  20. Madzilla

    Madzilla Greenie N00B Member

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    Thanks for the update.....glad to see the progress is coming along awesome stuff.
    my question would be for the MS3 driver side motor mount, does it bolt right up to the MS6 trans? and Retain the MS3 shiffter cables?
     
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